Organic Waste Recycling
In 2016, then Governor Brown signed legislation (Senate Bill 1383) that targets the reduction of short-lived climate pollutants, including methane. The bill sets aggressive targets for reducing the amount of organic waste that can be sent to landfills by directing the state’s Department of Resources Recycling & Recovery (CalRecycle) to adopt regulations and requirements to achieve a 50% reduction in organic waste disposal by 2020 and a 75% reduction by 2025.
The SB 1383 regulations go into effect on January 1, 2022. Following are the implementation dates and thresholds for the legislation:
- January 1, 2020: No later than this date, the state must achieve a 50% reduction in the level of the statewide disposal of organic waste from the 2014 level.
- July 1, 2020: By this date, CalRecycle, in consultation with the Air Resources Board, must analyze the progress that the waste sector, state government, and local governments have made in meeting the organic waste reduction targets for 2020 and 2025. If the Department determines that significant progress has not been made in meeting the targets, CalRecycle may include incentives or additional requirements in the regulations to facilitate progress toward achieving the organic disposal reduction targets. The Department may also recommend to the Legislature revisions to the targets.
- January 1, 2022: CalRecycle’s regulations to meet the organic waste reduction targets for 2020 and 2025 take effect and are enforceable on this date.
- January 1, 2024: Effective on this date, the regulations may require local jurisdictions to impose penalties for non-compliance on generators within their jurisdiction.
- January 1, 2025: By this date, the state must achieve a 75% reduction in the level of the statewide disposal of organic waste from the 2014 level. In addition, not less than 20% of currently disposed of edible food must be recovered for human consumption.
WHAT IS ORGANIC WASTE?
Organic waste in municipal solid waste generally includes food scraps, food-soiled paper, and yard trimmings
- Food scraps including all solid, semi-solid, and liquid food such as:
- Fruit, vegetables, cheese, meat, bones, poultry, seafood, bread, rice, pasta, tea bags, and oils.
- Food-soiled paper is the uncoated paper that is soiled by food waste such as:
- napkins, paper towels, tea bags, paper plates, coffee filters, and other paper and compostable food packaging.
- Yard trimmings:
- Grass clippings, leaves, flowers, hedge clippings, and weeds. Non-hazardous wood waste includes tree branches, tree trunks, and untreated lumber.
WHO MUST COMPLY?
- Commercial businesses
- Commercial food generators
- Government entities
TIER 1 & 2 Generators
Tier 1 generators must comply by January 1, 2024, and includes:
- Supermarkets (Vons, Ralphs)
- Grocery stores (greater than 10,000 sq. ft.)
- Foodservice distributors
- Wholesale food markets
- Restaurants (with ≥ 250 seats, or ≥ 5,000 sq. ft.)
- Hotels (with onsite food facility and ≥200 rooms),
- Health facilities (with onsite food facility and ≥100 beds),
- State agencies (with a cafeteria with ≥ 250 seats, or ≥ 5,000 sq. ft)
- Local education agencies (with an onsite food facility)
- Large venues (Staples Center)
- Large events (July 3)
HOW TO COMPLY?
SB 1383 requires that each resident and business must subscribe to an organic waste collection service that either “source-separates” the waste (e.g., separate bins), or transports all unsegregated waste to a facility that recovers 75% of the organic content collected from the system.
For More Information:
Contact City staff at (805) 517-6294 or Email.